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International Journal of Human Nutrition and Functional Medicine

www.IntJHumNutrFunctMed.Org

2016 Final PDF

Malathion, are neurotoxic to the central and peripheral

nervous system, and cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea,

difficulty breathing and symptoms of muscle weakness,

including the concentrations used in vector control. The

environmental toxicity is recommended to avoid its use in

the environment, which has not been observed since its

release is done the way here we denounced. (translated)

As panic spreads worldwide about the Zika virus and the

microcephaly epidemic, more and more communities are

using these dangerous larvacides and pesticides to try to

control and prevent outbreaks. The Cornocopia Insitute

points out that strategies such as these are not only dangerous

to people and the environment, but they do not work well to

control mosquito populations. They outline more effective

means of managing mosquitoes, such as eliminating standing

water and using natural predators, via the following

hyperlinked

document:

http://www.reduas.com.ar/wp-

content/uploads/downloads/2016/02/Informe-Zika-de-Reduas_TRAD.pdf

History of this publication: Reprinted with kind permission of the author from its original publication in

The Examiner

2016 Feb 11:

http://www.examiner.com/article/argentine-physicians-claim-monsanto-larvicide-is-true-cause-of-microcephaly

Annotated bibliography by

IJHNFM

Staff during review process: Zika virus has been around for more than 70 years (since its

"discovery") and may have been scapegoated as the cause of microcephaly following introduction of 1) genetically manipulated

mosquitoes in 2015, 2) new mandatory vaccinations in that took effect in 2015, and 3) ever-increasing use of pesticides, which have

categorically been implicated in various types of neurotoxicity and teratogenicity. Of note, more than 3,000 pregnant women in

Colombia have been infected with the Zika virus and not a single case of microcephaly has been reported. Attributing the problem to

Zika virus is very profitable for selling vaccinations and more pesticides, and for discouraging reproduction and international

travel/freedoms.

1. "Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos said Saturday that there's no evidence Zika has caused any cases of the birth defect

known as microcephaly in his country, though it has diagnosed 3,177 pregnant women with the virus. ... Santos says Zika

apparently has affected more than 25,600 Colombians overall." Associated Press. Colombia: 3,177 Pregnant Women with Zika;

No Microcephaly. Feb 6, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2016/02/06/world/americas/ap-zika-virus.html

2. "In this farming superpower, agricultural chemicals - including paraquat – face lax regulation. And in the rural northeast, rampant

use has led to sickness and violence. ... At least four major pesticide makers – U.S.-based FMC Corp., Denmark’s Cheminova

A/S, Helm AG of Germany and Swiss agribusiness giant Syngenta AG – sell products here that are no longer allowed in their

domestic markets, a Reuters review of registered pesticides found. ... Screenings by regulators show much of the food grown

and sold in Brazil violates national regulations. Last year, Anvisa completed its latest analysis of pesticide residue in foods across

Brazil. Of 1,665 samples collected, ranging from rice to apples to peppers, 29 percent showed residues that either exceeded

allowed levels or contained unapproved pesticides. ... In 2012, Brazil passed the United States as the largest buyer of

pesticides.... But little other public infrastructure has followed the canals. As a result, many of the region’s residents get their

water from the same open-air canals that irrigate the farms." Prada P. Fateful Harvest: Why Brazil has a big appetite for risky

pesticides. 2015, April 2.

http://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/brazil-pesticides/

3. “The results showed a nearly fivefold increase in risk of anencephaly for mothers exposed to pesticides while working in

agriculture during the acute risk period. Fathers who were exposed to pesticides at any time while working in agriculture had

twice the risk of having an anencephalic child. Some of the more heavily used pesticides reported by the parents, including

chlorpyrifos and methyl parathion...”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1817703/

4. “Two of the pesticides found in high concentrations in the placentas of affected newborns and stillborn fetuses were endosulfan

and lindane. Endosulfan is only now being phased out in the United States for treatment of cotton, potatoes, tomatoes and apples.

Lindane was only recently banned in the United States for treatment of barley, corn, oats, rye, sorghum and wheat seeds.”

http://news.utexas.edu/2011/10/19/finnell_birth_defects

5. “Research has shown that there are potential links between anencephaly and exposure to molds and to pesticides, Ashley-Koch

said. Central Washington is a prime agricultural area that produces crops from apples and cherries to potatoes and wheat, which

may require pesticides that contain nitrates.”

http://www.nbcnews.com/health/kids-health/bizarre-cluster-severe-birth-defects-

haunts-health-experts-n24986

6. “As state and federal officials document the alarming rise of deadly birth defects in rural Washington, health experts are at a loss

when it comes to pinpointing the source of the problem. … This rate of 8.4 cases per 10,000 live births quickly attracted the

attention of health officials, especially since it’s four times the national average.”

https://www.rt.com/usa/rural-washington-birth-

defects-445/

7. "The children of mothers who worked in agriculture in the ARP had a greater risk of anencephaly (OR=4.57, 95% CI 1.05 to

19.96). The risk of fathers having a child with anencephaly was greater in those who applied pesticides irrespective of whether it

was done in the ARP or the NARP (OR=2.50, 95% CI 0.73 to 8.64; and OR=2.03, 95% CI 0.58 to 7.08, respectively). These

results support the hypothesis of the effect of maternal exposure to agricultural work on anencephaly and suggest that exposure

of the father to pesticides in the periconceptional period or prior to this can also increase the risk of having an anencephalic child.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2078046/

8. "The results showed a nearly fivefold increase in risk of anencephaly for mothers exposed to pesticides while working in

agriculture during the acute risk period. Fathers who were exposed to pesticides at any time while working in agriculture had

twice the risk of having an anencephalic child. Some of the more heavily used pesticides reported by the parents, including

chlorpyrifos and methyl parathion, have been previously linked with possible reproductive effects.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1817703/

9. Animal study: "Low set microtia, cataract or open eyelids, microcephaly or anencephaly, maxillary or mandibular hypoplasia, and

protruding tongue were observed in all groups, but the numbers were significantly higher in the exposed groups compared with

one or more of the comparison groups.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18650255

10. Animal study: "The direct effect of glyphosate on early mechanisms of morphogenesis in vertebrate embryos opens concerns

about the clinical findings from human offspring in populations exposed to GBH in agricultural fields.”

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx1001749